The third portion of the capital improvement program continuum is the design and construction of specific facilities.
When a capital project has secured sufficient funding through various local, state or federal funding sources, facility or infrastructure design and construction is managed and implemented differently depending on the type of facility.
- The Public Works Division has engineers in its Technical Services Department who manage the design and construction of road, utility, and storm drainage projects. Some of these projects are designed and managed in-house by licensed civil engineers, while others are designed by hired consultants and managed by the Technical Services Department.
- The Public Safety Division uses staff from Public Works’ Fleet and Facilities Management Department to manage the design and construction of its capital projects, such as fire stations and sheriff substations.
- The Parks and Recreation Department has planners and project managers to oversee the design work of hired landscape architects and architects for recreational facilities. Sometimes, licensed engineers are hired and managed by Parks and Recreation for smaller projects where an engineering solution is needed for a recreation facility.
The construction of smaller capital projects that are “horizontal” (e.g. parks) are generally managed by Parks and Recreation staff, while larger capital construction projects that are “vertical” (e.g. a gym, a community center) are managed by the Public Works Division’s Fleet and Facilities Management Department.
In virtually all construction projects, competitive bids are solicited from private contractors who do the work.